Dating pewter mugs dating saying no nicely
For me some of these marks are works of art, some are confusing, and when I began I wondered what they all meant.
To do this I intend to start by taking a plate – showing you firstly a photograph of it – and then showing you the Marks – that might be of interest to you - ( as to style, value, science, and market, I leave these matters to elsewhere on this web site or later I might guide you to others who can help answer your queries – this then is simply the Marks on the pewter piece – a beginners guide.)This is William Haward/Hayward (called himself - William Howard) working 1673 – 1688 in Drury Lane London - you can find who his apprentices were, and that he came from Gloucester and may have been related to other Hawards (whatever spelling) there in Gloucester.
Crown over VR over 226 indicates Glasgow (another verification mark another year) R T Galbraith pewterer Glasgow. The small symbol is not understood other than known to be used by Pewterer William Hogg of Newcastle (1780-1815).
The Initials could be an early Inspector’s marks but are also unusual, in being 4 and well stamped by the maker.
THIS IS A BEGINNERS GUIDE; WITH THE INTENTION TO ENTHUSE THOSE, WHO HAVE LOOKED AND WONDERED, INTO TAKING AN INTEREST IN PEWTER COLLECTING – FOR A MORE SOPHISTICATED AND DETAILED UNDERSTANDING PLEASE CONSIDER THE READING LIST IN THE READING SECTION OF THIS WEB SITE’ Checking the Hall Marks with the Pewter Society data base we find these hallmarks represent the firm of Bolton and Wylde who traded from the Pepper Mill in Wigan from 1822 to 1835. But there are no verification marks so either it was made for a private owner who did not need it verifying (official recognition of the capacity it holds) or it was pre-imperial - that is before 1826.
The Imperial Standard was introduced in 1826 to ensure uniformity of standard through the land.
Charles ll,as one of his many methods of aquiring wealth without recourse to Parliament ,took to annexing the silver of his nobles,who tended to replace it with pewter, rather than risk losing the replacements the next time the King came to dinner.
One can also see the gaps between the hinge parts; not as wide a gap as those found on original 16’s pieces. THE PIECE HAS A LARGE RELIEF ROSETTE IN THE BOTTOM – SOME OLDER SERVING STEINS DID HAVE THESE – BUT THE ORIGINALS ARE ‘NORMALLY’ ABOUT THE SIZE OF A NICKEL UP TO THE “INDIAN” SILVER DOLLAR,….  “VERY, VERY , VERY FEW” MARKS OF “95%” (OR OTHER NUMBERS CLOSE BY, SUCH AS JUST BELOW) WERE EVER USED ON ANTIQUE PEWTER. — BE EXTREMELY CAUTIOUS WHILE LOOKING AT LIGHT WEIGHT STEINS MARKED WITH DATES FROM 1810 TO ABOUT 1860.
This Wigan Mug is likely to have had a private owner as it has had very little use.